Ammonia is one such gas that travels through the vast network of pipelines running throughout the county Galveston County. While ammonia is colorless, it emits a rather strong smell and is considered an extremely hazardous material by the United States. Its elemental compounds consist of one-part nitrogen and three-parts hydrogen. The compound is rather abundant in ocean environments, collecting in part as nitrogenous waste from aquatic organisms. During its production lifecycle, it is usually an active ingredient either directly or indirectly within the pharmaceutical world.

Due to the hazardous nature of this gas, strict governmental standards for production, storage, and transportation have been put into place. In 2016, the USGS reported that 144 million metric tons of nitrogen (equivalent to 175 million metric tons of ammonia) were produced in plants worldwide. Eighty percent of that capacity was produced for the agricultural sector’s fertilization requirements. The largest single production market existed in China at 31.9% while the US produced 7.1% (4th). The production of ammonia itself is rather long and an example of that production cycle is given in Figure 1.

Figure 1: Ammonia Production Cycle


  • Food, Beverage & Retail
    • Ammonia can be applied as an eco-friendly industrial refrigerant with similar efficiencies as other industrial freezing options.
  • Government & Municipalities
    • Ammonia can be combined with chlorine to provide chloramine. This product is used in similar capacities as chlorine but with better results in levels of general safety, taste and odor reduction.
  • Metal Fabrication & Manufacturing
    • Disassociated ammonia is used to form atmospheres for metal heat-treating processes such as nitriding and annealing.
  • Energy & Chemical; Primary Materials
    • Plants in most sectors such as power, waste, and industrial use ammonia in total DeNOx applications to lower the emission level of mono-nitrogen oxides in order to meet EPA standards.
  • Fleet-Based Commercial Services
    • Ammonia can be used to reduce nitrogen oxide in diesel vehicles via diesel exhaust fluids.
  • Food Manufacturing
    • It can be used as a leavening agent and acidity regulator during food production
    • It can also color caramel in food and beverage production.

With an excess of industrial space, direct access to two port-systems, as well as some of the longest stretches of Interstate 45 access running down its length, Galveston County is primed to offer some of the best opportunities for your ammonia intensive project. Contact our office today to learn how we can help your venture take the next steps towards success.