Ethane exists as an organic compound isolated by industrial use from natural gas and as a by-product of petroleum refining. In standard temperature and pressure, ethane is both colorless and odorless. Ethane can be cooled under normal pressure, allowing it to enter a solid form. Once in this form, ethane resembles a plastic crystal. If cooled below minus 297.8 degrees Fahrenheit, ethane transitions into ethane II.
Apart from methane, ethane exists as the second-largest component of natural gas, constituting roughly one to six percent depending on the gas field in question. Its primary use is as a petrochemical feedstock, and thus, must be removed from other components found within natural gas in order to acquire the compound. Some sites will choose to ignore this step if the production facilities used are of lower quality. This may later affect the quality of the downstream product and its valuation on the market.
- Ethene (Ethylene)-
- Ethane is used in steam cracking to produce ethene, which in turn is mostly manufactured in order to provide ethylene oxide, ethylene dichloride, ethylbenzene, and polyethylene.
- Experimental Feedstock
- Ethane has been used in experiments of limiting success to produce commodity chemicals such as vinyl chloride.
- Another chemical in discussion to be produced from ethane is acetic acid. Questions regarding cost feasibility have come into play though.
- Ethane can be used for the purpose of cryogenic refrigeration systems. At temperatures below minus 150 degrees Celsius, ethane can freeze items quickly enough to prevent water crystallization.
With acres of industrial space, direct access to two-port systems, as well as some of the longest stretches of Interstate 45 access running down its length, Galveston County is primed to offer some of the best opportunities for your ammonia intensive project. Contact our office today to learn how we can help your venture take the next steps towards success.