Jet fuel, also known as aviation turbine fuel (ATF), is readily produced in two common commercial forms, Jet A and Jet A-1. It is colorless to light brown in its appearance and is standardized to meet international specifications. Another form of jet fuel, Jet B, is used in cold weather climates and is the only other jet fuel variation commonly used on passenger flights.
Jet fuel itself is varied in its exact chemical make-up and therefore undefined as a specific hydrocarbon ratio. That, in turn means it is not classified as a chemical compound, but rather a performance specification. In some areas/fields, jet fuel is classified as kerosene or naphtha-type. Kerosene-type fuels include the following: Jet A, Jet A-1, JP-5 and JP-8. Naphtha-type fuels include Jet B and JP-4. Jet Propellants (JPs) are primarily used in military aircraft and usually contain only a few additives in comparison to their commercial counterparts.
- Jet A
- Jet A is the US standard and usually not available anywhere else in the world outside a small number of Canadian airports such as Toronto.
- Jet A’s freezing point is minus 40 degrees Celsius
- ASTM specification D1655 (Jet A)
- Jet A-1
- This is the world’s standard jet fuel outside of former Soviet states which use TS-1.
- Has a freezing point of minus 47 degrees Celsius
- Must have an anti-static additive added to the mixture
- DEF STAN 91-91 (Jet A-1),
- ASTM specification D1655 (Jet A-1), and
- IATA Guidance Material (Kerosene Type), NATO Code F-35.
- Jet B
- Lighter composition and more dangerous to handle
- Rarely used unless in cold climates (Russia, Canada, Alaska)
- Blend of 30% kerosene and 70% gasoline
- Has a freezing point of minus 60 degrees Celsius
Galveston County is home to a vast network of above-ground and underground pipelines providing chemical and gaseous product transportation and delivery service throughout the county. These pipelines reach to our industrial areas, both of our local ports, offshore, and outside the county, and provide our industry with a wide range of useful chemical products.
With acres of industrial space, direct access to two-port systems, as well as some of the longest stretches of Interstate 45 access running down its length, Galveston County is primed to offer some of the best opportunities for your ammonia intensive project. Contact our office today to learn how we can help your venture take the next steps towards success.