Galveston County is home to a vast network of above-ground and underground pipelines providing chemical and gaseous product transportation and delivery service throughout the county. These pipelines reach to our industrial areas, both of our local ports, offshore, and outside the county, and provide our industry with a wide range of useful chemical products.

Natural Gas, or LNG, naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consists primarily of methane, varying degrees of other higher alkanes, and occasional trace amounts of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium. Much like fossil fuels, natural gas is created from intense pressurization and heating of decaying plant and animal matter over millions of years. Energy stored within plants derived from the sun create chemical bonds in the gas.

Since the processes are so closely related to the formation of fossil fuels, natural gas is often referred to as fossil gas. As such, natural gas is also a non-renewable resource (non-renewable hydrocarbon). Natural gas is often found in close proximity to other naturally occurring resources such as coal beds, methane clathrates, and fossil fuel.

Natural gas is most often associated with its use in heating, cooking and electricity generating apparatuses. It is also a major component in some vehicles as fuel, as well as a chemical feedstock in plastic manufacturing. Before it can be sued for fuel though, much of the time it must first enter processes to remove purities found within. Due to this process, many by-products have come about including butane, propane, pentanes, hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, water vapor, hydrocarbons of higher weights, and potentially helium and nitrogen.

Uses

  • Domestic
    • Used as a cooking and heating fuel able to reach up to 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Transportation
    • CNG seen as a cleaner and cheaper alternative to gasoline.
    • Can be used to power aircraft, usually personal or small capacity.
  • Fertilizer
    • Used as a major feedstock for production of ammonia.
  • Hydrogen
    • Natural gas can produce hydrogen using hydrogen reformer methods.
  • Animal & Fish Feed
    • Natural gas is fed to bacteria in commercial industries to produce protein rich pet foods.
  • Miscellaneous
    • Items such as fabrics, steel, paint, glass, and others are produced using natural gas.